JAMES LARKIN, A PROMINENT ACTIVIST, AND ORGANIZER OF IRISH LABOR WHO ESTABLISHED IRISH GENERAL WORKERS AND TRANSPORT UNION

James Larkin was born in 1876 21st January in England, Liverpool. Larkin founded the Irish General Workers and Transport Union that turned out to be the biggest union in the region. The union was, but after the Lockout of Dublin, things in ITGWU fell apart. Read more: James Larkin | Ireland Calling and James Larkin | Biography

In 1914 James decided to move in the U.S. The fact about James Larkin is that he was an intense Marxist and in the 1940s he proceeded with his job in the organization of labor. Larkin died in 1947 30th January in Ireland Dublin. He grew up in Liverpool slums and had a minimal education that was formal. In order to boost the income of his family, James was engaged in an assortment of works in his childhood life; eventually, he became a foreman in the docks of Liverpool.

James Larkin was a dedicated socialist who trusted that employees were being treated and handled unfairly. He made a decision to be part of the Dock Laborers National Union, and in 1905 he turned into an organizer of the trade union on a full-time basis.

He used militant methods of strike which frightened NUDL. In 1907 he was moved to Dublin, and it is when James Larkin decided to establish the Irish General Workers and Transport Union.

The union’s objective involved consolidating all Irish employees, whether unskilled or skilled to be part of one association. After some time James founded the Irish Party for Labor, it was in charge of carrying out a number of strikes.

The most important one of them all was the Lockout of Dublin in 1913 where over a hundred thousand laborers organized a strike that almost lasted for about eight months and in the long run winning the fair employment right.

In World War I outbreak, James Larkin arranged huge Dublin anti-war demonstration. James went to the U.S to mobilize funds that were going to be used to battle the British.

Larkin was indicted of communism and criminal anarchy in 1920, and later on, after three years he was pardoned. In Ireland Larkin was engaged in workers union organization and in 1924 he successfully got international communist recognition. In 1903 he wedded Elizabeth Brown; their marriage was blessed with four sons.